Skoblitskaya Yulia A.
TRENDS IN THE SPATIAL TREATMENT OF STUDENT CENTERS
Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №3 (75) September, 2021
The article is considers experiences in the design of student union buildings, reviews their locations within university campuses and defines the main reasons for the emergence of such centers. Projects of this kind in Russia and other countries are briefly described to reveal the most characteristic features and approaches to the development of this new type of public buildings.
The main functional groups included in student unions are described and factors influencing their architecture are analyzed. The main criteria for student union location are identified. These commonly reflect the planning and spatial characteristics of the project.
The spatial planning structure and optimal siting of such objects within city structure are described with reference to the existing regulatory framework.
Skoblitskaya Yu. A. TRENDS IN THE SPATIAL TREATMENT OF STUDENT CENTERS [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2021. – №3(75). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2021_3/1/ – doi: 10.47055/1990-4126-2021-3(75)-1
Skoblitskaya Yulia A.
THE EVOLUTION OF RUSSIAN HIGH-RISE HOUSING COMPLEXES WITH SERVICES
Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №4 (36) December, 2011
Housing has always featured an interrelation of a set of various functions. Thus, multifunctionality (place for living, work, leisure, sleep, etc.) is one of the major principles underlying the organisation of a residential environment, which has been transforming and developing together with society, bringing to life various priority housing forms and functions during various historical epoch.
Infrastructure has emerged along with home. Thus, for example, in ancient times, trade was one of the town-planning elements, practically always being located close to homes. It is therefore that the first home with services appeared thousands of years ago.
The prototype of contemporary housing complexes is houses/communes, which became widespread in the 20th century. Subsequently it became clear that those houses were suitable for temporary, rather than permanent residing.
The first projects of contemporary many-storied housing complexes with services, «a city in a city», having a well-developed range of services meeting all the needs of the individual, appeared in the 1990s in Moscow.
The structure of a modern-day many-storied housing complex has the following principal zones: living zone, office zone (offices, banks, bureaus, etc.) and services (restaurants, concert halls, gyms, shops, etc.) and a garage/parking (other technical premises).
The inclusion of various services into the structure of a many-storied housing complex is dictated by the needs of today. The structure of many-storied housing complexes, therefore, has a strongly marked, thought-through concept – in addition to compulsory housing estate grounds and parkings, the complex may house a variety of services to meet the needs of future tenants.
The issue of creating many-storied housing complexes with services in our country requires consistent development of the urban planning structure whereby a range of problems are resolved: organisation of a comfortable living environment, creation of a comprehensive set of services, and provision an architecturally integral built context.