Doctoral student. Department of Art History
Moscow State University.
Tortsova Olga Yu.
FEATURES OF HISTORICISM IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF EARLY 20TH CENTURY MOSQUES IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE
Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №4 (80) December, 2022
This article is devoted to the architecture of a small group of mosques built in the Russian Empire in the early 20th century. This group consists of three mosques: the 1906 mosque in Tver, the 1908 mosque in Vladikavkaz, and the 1916 mosque in St. Petersburg. The common feature of these mosques is their décor that shows that the architects drew on the historical architectural styles of Muslim countries. References to historicism in the architecture of Russian mosques are considered as part of the pan-European process of deciding how to approach Muslim religious architecture. Possible sources of architectural form and décor citations in Russian mosques and reasons for referring to certain architectural traditions are identified. Emphasis is made on the architecture of the mosque façades considering the limited scope of the article and the fact that detailed drawings for the original interior décor of the mosques in Vladikavkaz and Tver are not available, and it would be rather difficult to recreate their interiors. The study aims to show the specific features of historicism in the architecture of Russian mosques and the evolutionary pathways of this style that were emerging in the early 20th century (interrupted by the 1917 revolution).
Tortsova, O.Yu. FEATURES OF HISTORICISM IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF EARLY 20TH CENTURY MOSQUES IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2022. – №4(80). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2022_4/16/ – doi: 10.47055/1990-4126-2022-4(80)-16
Tortsova Olga Yu.
THE ARCHITECTURE OF MINSK MOSQUE, 1901
Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №4 (72) December, 2020
The architecture of the Minsk mosque built in 1901 is reviewed. This mosque became the first stone mosque built by the Lithuanian Tatars community and the first stone mosque in Belarus. The Minsk mosque was completely destroyed in the 1960s. Its appearance was reconstructed from surviving illustrations, photographs and materials of the Belarusian State Archive of Scientific and Technical Documentation. In addition to general description and analysis of the architecture of the mosque, the objective of the article is to establish a connection between the architecture of the Minsk mosque and the practice of standardized design of Muslim cult buildings in the Russian Empire.
Another objective is to publish information about the mosque that was previously unknown, in particular about the personality of the mosque architect Vladimir Solovyov. Using archival documents from Russia and Poland, the identity of the architect Solovyov was established and his creative biography retraced.
Tortsova O.Yu. THE ARCHITECTURE OF MINSK MOSQUE, 1901 [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2020. – №4(72). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2020_4/13/ – doi: 10.47055/1990-4126-2020-4(72)-13
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