Ural State University of Architecture and Art

ISSN 1990-4126

Authors

Konysheva
Evgeniya
V.

PhD (Art Studies), Associate Professor, Chair of Art and Culture Studies,
Southern Urals State University,

Russia, Chelyabinsk, e-mail: e_kon@mail.ru

PUBLICATIONS

Konysheva Evgeniya V.
EUROPEAN ARCHITECTS IN SOVIET ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN ORGANIZATIONS IN THE 1930s: EVOLUTION OF THEIR PLACE, ROLE AND RELATIONSHIPS. Part II. Problems and Contradictions

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (50) June, 2015

The article deals with the application of foreign experiences in architectural design and construction in the USSR during the early five-year plan periods. The author touches upon the insufficiently explored aspect of the problem, namely the position of the European architects in Soviet design organizations. The article is focused on problems and misbalances in the Soviet design system of the 1930s and on their perception by European architects. The author examines how the European architects saw their task and which design principles they intended to bring in. The article gives special consideration to relationships between Soviet and foreign professionals. It is based on documentary sources from Russian archives and information from architects.

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Konysheva E.V. EUROPEAN ARCHITECTS IN SOVIET ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN ORGANIZATIONS IN THE 1930s: EVOLUTION OF THEIR PLACE, ROLE AND RELATIONSHIPS. Part II. Problems and Contradictions [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2015. – №2(50). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2015_2/11 

Konysheva Evgeniya V.
EUROPEAN ARCHITECTS IN SOVIET PLANNING ORGANIZATIONS IN THE 1930s: EVOLUTION OF POSITIONS, ROLES AND INTERRELATIONS. Part 1. NEEDS AND OBJECTIVES

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №3 (47) September, 2014

The article addresses the issue of employment of international experiences in design and construction in the USSR during the early five-year planning periods. The article touches upon the little-studied aspect of the problem, namely the status of European architects in Soviet planning organizations. Primarily, the author reviews and analyses data on the overall number of European architects staying in the USSR during the 1930s and their distribution across the planning organizations. Besides, the author examines the procedures that were used for recruiting professionals, selection principles, and tasks they were given. Finally, the article considers the evolution of the positions and roles occupied by European architects in the central and regional design organizations. Special attention is given to the evolution of relationships between Soviet and European specialists. The article is based on documents available in Russian and German archives.

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http://archvuz.ru/en/2014_3/14/

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Konysheva E.V. EUROPEAN ARCHITECTS IN SOVIET PLANNING ORGANIZATIONS IN THE 1930s: EVOLUTION OF POSITIONS, ROLES AND INTERRELATIONS. Part 1. NEEDS AND OBJECTIVES[Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2014. – №3(47). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2014_3/14 

Konysheva Evgeniya V.
A COMMUNIST AND "ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE": THE ARCHITECT KURT MEYER IN THE USSR

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №1 (41) March, 2013

The article is devoted to the Soviet period in the life and creativity of the German architect Kurt Meyer. It considers principal landmarks in his biography before arrival in the USSR and during the Moscow period, and reviews his creative career. K. Meyer is presented as an example of relationships between Soviet authorities and foreign consulting architects invited for implementing the accelerated urbanization plans of the first five-year periods.

Main attention is given to the Moscow re-planning project bid (1931 – 1932). In this connection, the author reviews K.Meyer's previous working experience in Cologne and sources of his design principles in the European town-planning practice of the 1900s – 1920s. Special emphasis is made on the influence of K.Meyer’s ideas on the 1935 master plan concept for Moscow. Also, the article reviews K.Meyer's activities as head of Mossovet’s Sixth Architectural Planning Studio that developed Moscow’s main street projects, and their effect with regard to the development of Moscow’s master plan. K.Meyer’s concept is used as a prism for showing the difficult and contradictory process of searching for Moscow planning principles in the first half of the 1930s and the establishment of a system of design organisations directly dealing with the planning of Moscow, and the role of ideology and Soviet power and party leadership.

The article is based on materials published in the Soviet press in the 1930s, as well as archival sources, including ones that have not yet been made available to the scholarly community.

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http://archvuz.ru/en/2013_1/10/

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Konysheva E.V. A COMMUNIST AND "ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE": THE ARCHITECT KURT MEYER IN THE USSR [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2013. – №1(41). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2013_1/10