Ural State University of Architecture and Art

ISSN 1990-4126

Authors

Lamekhova
Nataliya
V.

PhD. (Architecture) Senior Lecturer, SubDepartment of Architectural Design.
Ural State University of Architecture and Art,

Russia, Yekaterinburg, e-mail: Lamekhova@mail.ru

PUBLICATIONS

Lamekhova Nataliya V.
FORMATION OF A HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (66) June, 2019

The article deals with the improvement of a preschool educational institution site within a health-maintaining architectural space. A number of esthetic techniques are identified for improving the area and arranging functional zones in preschool educational institution sites.

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Lamekhova, N.V. FORMATION OF A HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2019. – №2(66). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2019_2/7/ 

Lamekhova Nataliya V.
ASPECTS RELATING TO THE FORMATION OF AN ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENT FOR PRESCHOOL EDUCATION

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (34) June, 2011

Today Russia is experiencing an acute shortage of children's educational institutions (CEI). The lack of proper conditions for care and education at preschool age leads to missed opportunities for child development during one of the most important periods in human life. A review of the current model of education and the architectonic environment of existing buildings has allowed us to identify a number of contradictions. The author has singled out basic directions in the development of the architectural environment for preschool education according to three levels of design.

At town-planning level, the author proposes the development of a network of CEIs ensuring wide variety and accessibility through the use of different opening hours arrangements and geographic locations in the city fabric; safety and environmental protection of CEI; integration of CEI into the urban network of social centres.

Given the natural and environmental conditions of the Ural region, the author proposes to include inclined elements (ramps, slopes, etc.) into the spatial composition, which may be used as an excellent playground in summertime and ensure perfect conditions for making an ice slide in winter.

By way of optimizing the functional plan of an architectural environment for preschool education, techniques are proposed for achieving flexibility, mobility, functional versatility, spatial variability, age differentiation and adjustable autonomy for CEI of different operation modalities (functional versatility and spatial variability technique, age differentiation and adjustable autonomy technique, a technique for organizing spaces of various degrees of isolation, a technique for compensation for lack of premises, a functional borrowing technique).

With regard to the architectural and artistic aspect of enhancement of CEI aesthetic qualities, a number of changes and transformations are proposed in the plastic organisation of the modern-day architectural environment.

Of fundamental importance for improving the architectural environment of CEI in domestic practice is the incorporation of certain architectural elements used abroad (combined spiral stairs and slide, combined stairs and ramp). Where elements are made of nonflammable materials, they may be used as evacuation routes, which would allow the level of fire safety of Russian CEI to be substantially improved. In addition to the above elements, the recommendation is to use straight and spiral slides/tubes, ramps, and slopes.

The author has developed an essentially new proposal with regard to the treatment of the lower tier of buildings by creating an area on the elevation with special texture characteristics within the range of 2 m from the ground level. The recommendation is to use areas of various textures - smooth (glossy and dull) and rough, hard and semi-hard (wood, plastics), soft and elastic (rubber, rubber granulate, rubber coatings and other polymers).

A review of the approaches to the development of an architectural environment for preschool education sets the ground for improvement and further development of CEI architecture in the context of current reforms in education, research and technology and provides a framework for realizing the idea of creating an advanced architectural environment for preschool education.

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Lamekhova N.V. ASPECTS RELATING TO THE FORMATION OF AN ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENT FOR PRESCHOOL EDUCATION [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2011. – №2(34). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2011_2/5 

Lamekhova Nataliya V.
PERCEPTUAL PSYCHOLOGY AS A FORMATIVE FACTOR IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF PRESCHOOLS

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №4 (28) December, 2009

The main subjects of this article are conceptual issues and requirements as to the organization of modern-day educational environments in preschool architecture from the viewpoint of child perception psychological markers. The importance and topicality of this issue are determined by innovative development of the pedagogical educational process that leads undoubtedly to new architectural concepts and forms. This article includes two parts: theoretical and practical. The first part deals with the fundamentals of educational environment development. The second part presents some practical examples and realization of these ideas.

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Lamekhova N.V. PERCEPTUAL PSYCHOLOGY AS A FORMATIVE FACTOR IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF PRESCHOOLS [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2009. – №4(28). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2009_4/2 

Lamekhova Nataliya V.
MEANS OF INCREASING THE INFORMATIVITY AND EXPRESSIVENESS OF THE ARCHITECTURE OF PRESCHOOL INSTITUTIONS

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (26) June, 2009

The article describes the main principles underlying the development of an educational environment at preschool institutions allowing for its psychological perception by the child, which has predetermined the choice and the character of means for ensuring the architectural expressiveness of the building. The means of realizing the architectural environment principles are concretized and are considered in accordance with three design levels: general plan, spatial composition and interior.

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http://archvuz.ru/en/2009_2/9/

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Lamekhova N.V. MEANS OF INCREASING THE INFORMATIVITY AND EXPRESSIVENESS OF THE ARCHITECTURE OF PRESCHOOL INSTITUTIONS [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2009. – №2(26). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2009_2/9 

Lamekhova Nataliya V.
SPATIAL LAYOUT OF A KINDERGARTEN GROUP SPACE IN THE CONTEXT OF A MODERN-DAY PRESCHOOL INSTITUTION

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №1 (25) March, 2009

The paper reviews the layout of children's groups in modern-day preschool institutions. All new and alternative forms of preschool education are presented allowing for the requirements for spatial arrangement of group spaces. Major directions in the development of architectural planning solutions are identified.

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http://archvuz.ru/en/2009_1/3/

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Lamekhova N.V. SPATIAL LAYOUT OF A KINDERGARTEN GROUP SPACE IN THE CONTEXT OF A MODERN-DAY PRESCHOOL INSTITUTION [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2009. – №1(25). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2009_1/3 

Lamekhova Nataliya V., Сычева Елена Борисовна
СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ АРХИТЕКТОРЫ ЗАДОЛЖАЛИ ДЕТЯМ

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №1 (17) March, 2007

В статье фиксируется ситуация развития детских дошкольных учреждений (ДДУ) в г. Екатеринбурге, анализируется общее положение современной ситуации с точки зрения социальной значимости и архитектуры. Выявляется основной типологический ряд этого вида учреждений и анализируется по основным группам задач, предъявляемых современным ДДУ. Все типы ДДУ нуждаются в серьезном проектном переосмыслении.

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http://archvuz.ru/en/2007_1/14/

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Ламехова Н.В., Сычева Е.Б. СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ АРХИТЕКТОРЫ ЗАДОЛЖАЛИ ДЕТЯМ [Электронный ресурс] /Н.В. Ламехова, Е.Б. Сычева //Архитектон: известия вузов. – 2007. – №1(17). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2007_1/14 

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