Ural State University of Architecture and Art

ISSN 1990-4126

Authors

Vitiuk
Ekaterina
Yu.

PhD (Architecture), Assistant Pro-Rector for Research,
Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts,

Russia, Yekaterinburg, e-mail: help_nir@mail.ru

PUBLICATIONS

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
ADAPTATION AS A PARAMOUNT CHARACTERISTIC FOR OBJECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №4 (68) December, 2019

Numerous climatic forecasts for planet Earth and associated environmental impacts necessitate the development of universal approaches to the creation of buildings and structures capable of meeting human needs for a comfortable environment under changing natural elements, such as variations in temperature, water level, wind force and direction, more frequent earthquakes, etc. A number issues have already been investigated and have resulted in new building practices (some of them are covered in the article), but there are challenges which have not yet been resolved. Ambient temperature is an important architectural consideration which determines various characteristics in projects. Predictions indicate that the temperature on the planet may rise on average by 6–7 degrees centigrade, which makes it essential for architecture and civil engineering researchers to find innovative building forms and new building materials and structures capable of withstanding the expected changes.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. ADAPTATION AS A PARAMOUNT CHARACTERISTIC FOR OBJECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2019. – №4(68). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2019_4/1 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
AN ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO TOWN PLANNING FUTUROLOGY

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (58) June, 2017

The article describes the emergence of futurological town planning concepts under the influence of the developing ecological approach, presents a retrospective review and a chronology of the evolution of sustainable ecological design in town planning.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO TOWN PLANNING FUTUROLOGY [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2017. – №2(58). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2017_2/2 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
LAW OF SYNERGY IN ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING: THE RANGE OF APPLICATIONS

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №3 (51) September, 2015

Although universal, synergetics is often used in other sciences as a metaphor considering objects superficially, which is likely to lead to erroneous results. A lot of researchers believe it possible to incorporate it harmoniously into various disciplines, including architecture. Synergetics is a contemporary, actively developing area in scientific research. One of its missions is to reveal latent laws of order and chaos, emergence, evolution and death of organisations (systems). It relies on methods which can be equally applicable in various domains enabling it to be treated as an «interdisciplinary language». For substantiating this statement it is necessary to consider laws of synergetics and their applications to architecture and urban planning to be able, in the future, to control homeostasis and fluctuations that may arise in the city fabric (i.e. even the smallest impacts) and to use their potential most effectively.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. LAW OF SYNERGY IN ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING: THE RANGE OF APPLICATIONS [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2015. – №3(51). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2015_3/2 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
A LINEAR MODEL OF SETTLEMENT: RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IDEAL CITY CONCEPT

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №3 (47) September, 2014

The issue of optimal use of resources ensuring comfortable life in cities led to the emergence of a new form of settlement – a linear city. This concept provoked lively interest among architecture theorists, practitioners and town-planners. The article provides some interpretations of this idea, their analysis and considers possibilities for their use in contemporary conditions.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. A LINEAR MODEL OF SETTLEMENT: RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IDEAL CITY CONCEPT[Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2014. – №3(47). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2014_3/3 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF IDEAL STAR-SHAPED CITY CONCEPTS

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (42) June, 2013

Ideal city concepts emerged during various time periods, representing the quintessence of idealized and sometimes fantastic city-planning views. The first theoretical works of this kind were ideal star-shaped cities, which were popular during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The fortification factor defined their form and planning principles. The town-planning texts devoted to star-shaped cities contain historical evidence and descriptions but may also become a basis for contemporary studies and receive a new interpretation in projects. The advantage of concepts of this type is optimal use of the internal space within a small city area. In the current context, that experience could be successfully used for creating mini-cities inside major urban formations.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF IDEAL STAR-SHAPED CITY CONCEPTS [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2013. – №2(42). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2013_2/3 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
ARCHITECTURAL SYNERGETICS: PRECONDITIONS FOR THE EMERGENCE OF A NEW PARADIGM

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №1 (37) March, 2012

Today we are witnessing powerful progression of sciences towards a general scientific methodology, a universal method that would enable natural sciences and the humanities to identify a "common idiom". Synergetics, having its origins in natural sciences, may provide just such an idiom.

Synergetics has become a product of reflections in different subject domains. Inspired by predecessors and contemporaries, synergetic proponents aspire to find invisible «commanding associations between the contours and the scents of a flower» 1 which are capable of establishing a single universal idiom for disparate disciplines. This is a general methodology based on integral knowledge. Its penetration into architecture has led to a change in architectural thinking and to a different approach to design.

Synthesis of sciences has since long been a hypothesis in architecture, architecture itself combining art and technology. There are lots of works by well-known theoreticians who identified similarity among plant growth processes and building construction, i.e. architectonic principles. Contemporary architectural projects include energy- efficient buildings, «smart houses», and structures based on fractal form generation. This is happening largely owing to progress in science and technology whereby novel building technologies and materials are developed allowing architects to realise their most daring ideas. However, the urban fabric that has become very sophisticated dictates new rules for setting a project in a built environment: this process should be precisely designed, allowing for the current urban infrastructure and for linkages, both existing and probable in the course of further transformations. This approach implies the need to maintain the integrity of urban environment, which is directly associated with the idea of sustainability in architecture.

Changes that are happening in architectural theory and practice based on the synergetics approach and transdisciplinary continuities clearly point to the emergence of a new paradigm and further development of the synergetic approach in architecture as a new method of both form production (fractal) and analysis of urban environments and prediction of their emergence, "life" and "death".

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Vitiuk E.Yu. ARCHITECTURAL SYNERGETICS: PRECONDITIONS FOR THE EMERGENCE OF A NEW PARADIGM [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2012. – №1(37). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2012_1/6 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
A CITY OF GLASS CUBES AND CYLINDERS

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №3 (35) September, 2011

Over a short period of time, Ekaterinburg has turned into a city of glass stalagmites as a result of mass construction of high-rise buildings and skyscrapers with glazed elevations of various sizes and shades. High-rise glass structures are not typical architecture for the Urals. The contrasting combination of associations evoked by the power, gloom, and asperity of the Urals that were born during the era of metallurgy and industrialisation and the visual brittleness of the new structures creates a new image: the plant-city is transforming into an office-city.

The similarity of architectural solutions, often borrowed from western architects, transforms the city into a mirror-world, a set of simulacra and forgeries. Besides, the glass elevations reflect sun rays, impairing visibility for drivers. The process being observed is intriguing and fascinating because, on the one hand, it threatens to lead the architectural thought into a dead-end, but on the other hand it looks like an incubation phase, usually ending in an unexpected solution, for example, the emergence of a new architectural style (‘crystal style’ in this case), which theoreticians are writing about today (A.G.Rappaport, L.P.Kholodova, S.O.Khan-Magomedov etc.).

A question arises then concerning the relevance of such architecture in the Urals, where the climate is not as favourable as, for example, in Barcelona. Each project should be created taking into account local specifics, which allows the local character to be maintained in the context of globalisation. This is where, perhaps, skills are needed to follow nature rather than copying other authors.

The architecture of Ekaterinburg is losing its semantic variety under the effect of globalisation, which is leading to the homogeneity of the environment.

Having proclaimed their universality through their external appearance, the glass cylinders have not become multifunctional; rather, they have lost their function because their role in society is not clear.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. A CITY OF GLASS CUBES AND CYLINDERS [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2011. – №3(35). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2011_3/17 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
WIDGET ARCHITECTURE AS A NEW ARCHITECTURAL DIRECTION OF THE INFORMATION ERA

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (34) June, 2011

Buildings and structures, small architectural forms, sculpture and other elements of urban environment present a text conveying information about the functional purpose of a building, the period in which it was created, the author, etc. Contemporary tendencies towards interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research in architectural theory and practice have brought about a new architectural direction in which architectural objects perform the function of a social poster. Buildings and structures are used as a method of message communication – slogans devoted to social, cultural, ecological and other issues of modern-day society. The main objective of such objects is to draw user attention to ontological and axiological issues: the place of man in the world, the beauty of the environment, the value of human relations, etc. Such «educating architecture» is a result of consideration given to ecology, sociology and civil engineering, and to the emotional and tactile sensations of man.

Depending on the vector of impact, objects of widget architecture may be divided into the following groups:
- buildings for contemplation;
- slogan buildings;
- buildings for extreme sensations;
- «play» elements.

The purpose of objects in the first group is to attract attention to environmental protection issues through the contemplation of the beauty of the nature. Slogan buildings are aimed at organizing social groups and communities by creating a single project that demands collective care and attention, thus giving rise to a feeling of responsibility in users. Objects in this group fully reflect the "educating" function of architecture. Buildings for extreme sensations satisfy human thirst for thrill and create complex adrenalin-producing images. "Play" elements are designed to diversify the urban environment with mood-raising projects. "Playing" with an architectural environment, the individual comes into contact with objects on a different, perceptual and emotional rather than functional level.

Thus, widget architecture presents a different way of ‘reading’ the architectural environment and consists in the application of new principles of organisation of spaces and objects, becoming a point of attraction, creating social groups by impacting on which architecture realises its educational function.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. WIDGET ARCHITECTURE AS A NEW ARCHITECTURAL DIRECTION OF THE INFORMATION ERA [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2011. – №2(34). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2011_2/1 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
SINERGETIC MODELLING OF URBAN STRUCTURE

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №4 (32) December, 2010

The paper considers the possibility of applying synergetic modelling proposed by V.G. Budanov to studying a city from an architectural point of view. The creation of cognitive and formal models of city structure is shown and main stages in their construction are outlined.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. SINERGETIC MODELLING OF URBAN STRUCTURE [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2010. – №4(32). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2010_4/1 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
ECO-APPROACH AS A SOURCE OF NEW ARCHITECTURAL DIRECTIONS

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №3 (31) September, 2010

The author considers new architectural phenomena based on the ideas of eco-approach to the formation of an architectural spatial environment for human living. Examples of specific architectural projects are presented, with a short description of techniques and ideas of a corresponding architectural direction.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. ECO-APPROACH AS A SOURCE OF NEW ARCHITECTURAL DIRECTIONS [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2010. – №3(31). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2010_3/2 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu.
MATHEMATISATION METHODS IN 20-th CENTURY TOWN-PLANNING

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (30) June, 2010

The article describes the principal methods of science mathematisation: mathematical modelling, formalization and axiomatization in the context of 20th century town-planning and considers types of town-planning models based on mathematical methods.

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Vitiuk E.Yu. MATHEMATISATION METHODS IN 20-th CENTURY TOWN-PLANNING [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2010. – №2(30). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2010_2/1 

Vitiuk Ekaterina Yu., Yaburov Igor A.
SYNERGETIC BASICS OF ECOARCHITECTURE

Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education №2 (30) June, 2010

The article reveals the basic laws of fractal form-building in architecture and the specific features of their use in design allowing for the requirements of comfort and ecofriendliness. It shows examples of existing buildings and constructions containing a number of principles of fractal geometry, ergonomics and energy efficiency.

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Vitiuk E.Yu., Yaburov I.A. SYNERGETIC BASICS OF ECOARCHITECTURE [Online] //Architecton: Proceedings of Higher Education. – 2010. – №2(30). – URL: http://archvuz.ru/en/2010_2/3 

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